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Autumn 1 - 2019

 

New classroom instructions

 

This first half-term we will learn and practise new classroom instructions, added to the ones that we already know:

 

 

We will use the everyday in class. Make sure that you learn their meanings well.

 

Big numbers up to 100

 

We expand our number knowledge. Are you ready?

 

 

All numbers from 30 to 100 follow this structure: "ten's name" + "y" (and) + "unit". For example: 57 would be "cincuenta y siete". Piece of cake!

 

And now, do some practice on your own!

 

Act it out!

 

Our brand new section. And we love it! Crazy short plays to help us learn more Spanish in a funny way. This half-term is:

 

 

Practise makes perfect!

 

Phonics

 

These are the phonics for this half-term:

 

 

Remember the action when practising it. Also, note that the change in spelling doesn't imply a change in pronunciation. The "u" is a silent letter. Here are the words we are seeing this half-term:

 

 

Mr. Castro

Summer 1 - 2019

 

We will be learning pet names, plurals and their rules, the use of verb "tener" (to have) in a sentence, and describing pets.

 

 

If you noticed, these animal names have different articles depending on their gender: Masculine has "el", Feminine has "la"Both mean "the" in English.

 

Now, take a look at this sentence:

 

 

It translates as "I have got a (pet) called (name of the pet)".

Here, we use the indefinite article "a" that in Spanish take these two singular forms: "un" for masculine, "una" for feminine.

This is a very simple and easy structure to follow, so practice and master it! no

Spring Term

 

We have two main topics this Spring Term: Family and Animals.

 

Family - Los Simpson

 

We will learn about the family with the most family in the world: The Simpsons!

 

 

Just remember that Bart can be either "hijo" (son) or "hermano" (brother) depending of the point of view you see him. Same goes for Lisa ("hija" and "hermana"). Keep it in mind and don't get confused.

 

Introducing the family

 

We will pretend to be a Simpson family member so we will introduce our "new" family from that point of view (we will be either "hijo" (son) or "hija" (daughter)).

The patter that we will follow to introduce each member is:

 

 

First, we must write "Hello!" in Spanish.

Next, "Me llamo" + (name).

After, we must say who is that person (i.e. father, mother, sister, dog, etc.).

Then, how old is that person: "Tengo + (years old) + años".

Lastly, we write "Goodbye!" in Spanish

 

Watch out for the inverted exclamation mark ("¡") at the beginning of the word. This is a Spanish thing. We always put an inverted exclamation mark at the beginning and a regular one at the end. Interesting, isn't it?

 

Time

 

We will learn and practice times in Spanish as well.

 

 

It means: "What time is it?"

 

 

When we want to say 'o'clock' in Spanish we follow this structure: "Son las" + hour.

 Rule breaker!: when it is 1 o'clock we say "Es la una". Why? Because 1 is singular, and so need to be the verb and the article. Keep it in mind.

 

 

We add the words "y media" after the hour. Same rule breaker for 1 applies here.

 

 

The structure is: "son las" + hour + "y cuarto" (careful with the spelling. Don't get confused with number 4).

For quarter past 1 is "Es la una y cuarto".

 

 

We add the words "menos cuarto" after the hour. Same rule breaker for 1 applies here as well.

 

 

Animals

 

 

These are the pet animals that we are going to learn this half-term. Make sure that you read them correctly. Can you do it?

Autumn 2 - 2018

 

Ready for the new half-term?

The topic is weather. We will learn how to say what the weather's like with confidence.

 

 

Our first aim will be saying: 'In (name of city) is (weather condition)'.

You might remember that 'in' in Spanish is "en". Quite similar! Just remember to read it in Spanish smiley.

 

For names of cities/boroughs in Spain just have a look on this map and pick your favourite one:

 

 

Next, a quick glance on the weather conditions chart above will show you that we use different verbs depending on the climatic condition we want to state. These are:

 

- "Está": it literally means 'is' in English.

- "Hay": it means 'there is/are", but we will translate it here as 'is' in order to make sense for us.

- "Hace": it means 'it makes'. Once again, let's translate it as 'is'.

 

And this is all we need to get it right. Here you are some examples:

 

- En Madrid hace frío.

- En Córdoba hace calor.

- En Barcelona llueve.

 

But we can also make more complex and interesting sentences like:

 

- En Cáceres hace viento y llueve, pero en Sevilla hace sol y hace calor.

 

We have used two old friends: "y" (and), and "pero" (but).

 

We can also use the adverb "no" to make simple negative sentences:

 

- En Segovia hay niebla, pero en Madrid no hay niebla.

 

Let's use our previous knowledge to explore this new topic!

 

Autumn 1 - 2018

 

¡Bienvenidos! Are we ready to learn more Spanish this year? Here are the topics for Autumn 1:

 

Instructions and Classroom Routines

 

 

We already knew these ones from last year, but we have many more to come! Check them out:

 

 

Can you work out their meaning just by looking at the pictures? Some of the are tricky? Don't you worry! We will see then in class one by one. By the end of the year you will know them all by heart surprise

The especial one for this half-term is:

 

 

"Can I go to the toilet, please?" A very important question indeed! Just don't forget the actions.

 

Big numbers till 1000

 

We already learned numbers till 31 last year. Now it is time to explore tens and hundreds. You will see that it is easier than it looks. Step by step. First, the tens:

 

 

Pay attention to colour code. There is an action attached to each colour.

 

Now, the hundreds:

 

 

It is very important that you remember your Spanish phonics. Check the phonics table from time to time and practice.

 

And finally, numbers including hundreds, tens, and units:

 

 

All numbers from 30 to 100 follow this structure: "ten's name" + "y" (and) + "unit". For example: 57 would be "cincuenta y siete". Piece of cake!

 

And, what about hundreds? Very simple: "hundred's name" + "ten's name" + "y" + "unit". Let me show you with an example: 246 would be "doscientos cuarenta y seis". Do you see? Not complicated at all.

 

And now, do some practice on your own!

 

Telling the time

 

This half-term we are going to learn the basic reading of time in Spanish, that is: o'clock and half-past.

 

 

When we want to say 'o'clock' in Spanish we follow this structure: "Son las" + hour.

Rule breaker!: when it is 1 o'clock we say "Es la una". Why? Because 1 is singular, and so need to be the verb and the article. Keep it in mind.

 

 

We add the words "y media" after the hour. Same rule breaker for 1 applies here.

 

Mr Castro

Spring 1

 

Parts of the body

 

We are coming back to this topic so we can start giving more detailed descriptions. Here's a quick recap:

 

 

We will see new parts of the body. They will be added here as we see them in class.

 

Word order

 

In Spanish, the order of words in a sentence is a bit different. To start with, adjectives come after the noun. Let's see a quick example:

 

The eyes are red = Los ojos son rojos

 

The pattern for plurals is : (article) + (noun) + son + (adjective).

 

For singular: (article) + (noun) + es + (adjective).

 

The head is yellow = La cabeza es amarilla

 

 

Word agreement

 

In Spanish, words must agree in gender (masculine / feminine) and number (singular / plural). So, if a noun is masculine and singular, the adjectives and articles used must be in masculine and singular too.

 

 

 

For instance:

 

"Cuerpo" = body - masculine and singular

 

How do we say 'the body is red and small'? Let's see:

 

First, the article must be masculine and singular: 'El'.

Next, the noun: 'cuerpo'.

Thirdly, the verb: 'es'.

And finally, the adjectives: 'rojo y pequeño'.

 

Therefore: 'El cuerpo es rojo y pequeño'.

 

We will do this many times in class during the whole Spring term.

 

 

Plurals

 

We will see plurals for the first time. Don't worry! It's easier than you think. Here's a simple rule:

 

"If the word ends in a vowel, we just add an -s".

 

That way the colour "rojo" would be "rojos".

 

There are more plurals but we will see them as they appear in our lessons.

 

Mr Castro

 

Autumn 2

 

Hola de nuevo. This half-term we are going to learn simple descriptions using colours and shapes.

 

First, a quick reminder on colours:

 

 

Do you remember the actions for each colour? smiley

 

 

Shapes

 

 

We will say simple descriptions following this structure:

 

"El / La" + (shape name) + "es / no es" + (colour Masculine or Feminine).

 

In order to do it correctly we must make sure that we put the right article before each shape name. In singular, there is one for Masculine and one for Feminine:

 

 

But, how do we know if a word is either Masculine or Feminine? Well, there is a general rule:

 

 

Keep in mind that this is not a strict rule, so it just apply to most cases. Exceptions happen every now and then. But this applies very well to our shapes. So, what happens with "cruz" (cross)? "Cruz" is Feminine, therefore: "La cruz".

 

"Es" means 'it is', and "no es" means 'it isn't'.

 

The last aspect to know is word order. In Spanish we put the noun first, followed by the articles. The other way around! So while we would say in English "red circle", in Spanish is "circle red":

 

 

Mr Castro

Autumn 1

 

¡Hola Year 3s! Welcome back!

It is time for us to start a new school year with lots of exciting things to do in Spanish.

This is what awaits us this half-term:

 

Meeting and Greeting

 

 

Last year we learned how to say 'My name is...' in Spanish. So now it is time for us to ask the question 'What's your name?'. To enhance our conversation skills, we will use the also the question "¿Y tú?" which means 'And you?'.

 

 

The question "¿Cuántos años tienes?" means 'How old are you?'.

 

 

Yes, you're right! "¿Qué tal estás?" means 'How are you?' or 'How are you feeling?'.

 

Instructions

 

 

We are learning a new instruction: "Silencio". Can you guess its meaning?

 

Numbers from 1 to 31

 

 

Take a close look at the colour code. It's not that difficult, is it?

 

 

From 31 till 100, all numbers show the same pattern:

"ten's name" (30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80, 90) + "y" (and) + "unit". Don't you worry. We will learn this in due time.

 

Days of the week

 

 

Look at the pictures to help you remember how to say each day.

 

4 Months

 

 

 

Dates in Spanish

 

 

Practice writing and saying dates at home. You'll learn it in no time.

 

Mr Castro